The Soviets invented satellites in 1957 which made them the first country to launch an object into space. The whole process of launching a satellite into space is complex. Questions of how to launch a satellite into space have a simple and complex answer. Simply stated, rockets with enough fuel drive satellites into outer space. To understand satellite launch, it is important to understand what a satellite is and what it does. Why is a satellite necessary and who exactly uses it?
A satellite is an object that goes around a planet or a star such as earth. Satellites are machines made by scientists to help them understand how the universe works. These satellites are launched into space to orbit earth and give scientists the data they need to explain certain phenomena. Satellite technology is applied in the working of some electronics devices such as phones.
After knowing what a satellite is and its application, it is easy to answer a question on how it is launched into space. A rocket is a specialized transport system for traveling into space or other planets. Rockets travel vertically and at very high speeds when they leave the earth’s surface. Satellite launches follow this procedure; they are placed into rockets, which are then directed out of the world into outer space. Launching a new satellite entails a lot of work as most activities have to be done before this can be achieved. Additionally, a launched satellite’s continuous use will depend on the success or failure of launch.
Teams from across the space industry are being brought together to work on a launch. A satellite is put into a specialized rocket called a propellant. This propellant then boosts the satellite above the earth’s atmosphere up to a distance safe enough for deployment. Once enough distance from the planet is achieved, the rocket releases the spacecraft. Gravity can be a hindrance to launch, and scientists overcome this by designing powerful propellants to overcome gravity. Space launches, however complex, are not the difficult part for astronauts. The next hurdle is to keep the satellite in orbit, so it can keep going around the planet.
When a satellite is released by the spacecraft, momentum gain takes place because it picked it from the rocket. Momentum will keep the satellites moving forward in one direction. Gravity acts on the satellite to try to pull it to the earth’s center. The balance between these two forces acting on these satellites keeps it on an orbital path. Gained momentum should be greater than the gravitational pull so that a satellite can stay afloat. Satellites can be launched either close to or further away from earth. Those close to earth experience a greater gravitational pull alongside having to travel at higher speeds than those far from earth.
Satellite launch is an interesting process requiring the coordination of different space teams. The bottom line is that launching depends on different factors such as desired distance, destination, and time. The type of satellite and its mass also play a role in determining the launch. With improvements in science, the whole process will become less time-consuming.